Sharad Joshi, Paweł Korus, Nitin Khanna, Nasir Memon
International Workshop on Information Forensics and Security (WIFS), 2020
We assess the variability of PRNU-based camera fingerprints with mismatched imaging pipelines (e.g., different camera ISP or digital darkroom software). We show that camera fingerprints exhibit non-negligible variations in this setup, which may lead to unexpected degradation of detection statistics in real-world use-cases. We tested 13 different pipelines, including standard digital darkroom software and recent neural-networks. We observed that correlation between fingerprints from mismatched pipelines drops on average to 0.38 and the PCE detection statistic drops by over 40%. The degradation in error rates is the strongest for small patches commonly used in photo manipulation detection, and when neural networks are used for photo development. At a fixed 0.5% FPR setting, the TPR drops by 17 ppt (percentage points) for 128 px and 256 px patches.