Digital Image Integrity - A Survey of Protection and Verification Techniques

Paweł Korus

Digital Signal Processing, Vol. 71, 2017

2017-dsp-survey.pdf (11 MB)



We are currently on a verge of a revolution in digital photography. Developments in computational imaging and adoption of artificial intelligence have spawned new editing techniques that give impressive results in astonishingly short time-frames. The advent of multi-sensor and multi-lens cameras will further challenge many existing integrity verification techniques. As a result, it will be necessary to re-evaluate our notion of image authenticity and look for new techniques that could work efficiently in this new reality. The goal of this paper is to thoroughly review existing techniques for protection and verification of digital image integrity. In contrast to other recent surveys, the discussion covers the most important developments both in active protection and in passive forensic analysis techniques. Existing approaches are analyzed with respect to their capabilities, fundamental limitations, and prospective attack vectors. Whenever possible, the discussion is supplemented with real operation examples and a list of available implementations. Finally, the paper reviews resources available in the research community, including public data-sets and commercial or open-source software. The paper concludes by discussing relevant developments in computational imaging and highlighting future challenges and open research problems.

Pre-print Copyright

The manuscript shared here is the accepted pre-print. For a fully edited version refer to the publisher's website.

© 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license